We asked freelance 2D animator and SOM alum Jacob Richardson to develop a quick tip tutorial covering MoGraph transitions and the art of storytelling through motion design.
Transitions in motion design are critical to creating fluid and natural stories, helping clarify the core concept and guiding the viewer from scene to scene across the narrative.
Even with the most marvelous visuals and spectacular sound effects, a MoGraph project can fall flat if the transitions are missing or lacking. With the right transitions, even a less sophisticated design can truly shine, leaving the audience intrigued, informed and inspired.
Master these, and you'll be well on your way toward masterful animation...
(Be sure to download Jacob's project file for further examination.)
Quick Tip Video Tutorial: Six Essential Motion Design Transitions
Transitions Quick Tip Tutorial Project File
Want to dig a little deeper to dissect how a master animator lays out his keyframes? Download the project file for Jacob's Six Essential Motion Design Transitions quick tip tutorial.
Transitions Quick Tip Project FileDownload Now
The Six Essential Motion Design Transitions
There are lots of possible transitions in motion design (EFEKTStudio, for example, released a pack of 50 back in 2015). But without guidance on how to skillfully incorporate these transitions, you may do more harm than good.
Don't spread yourself too thin. First focus on the most proven, effective transitions; master them; and then feel free to expand from there.
These are the essential six:
- Hard Cut
- Cut on Action
- Match Cut
- Dynamic/Infinite Zoom
1. Hard Cut
The hard cut — or move from the end of one scene to the beginning of the next, without any changes or effects — is the most basic form of transition; it may also be the most useful.
WHEN TO USE HARD CUT IN MOTION DESIGN
As Leonardo da Vinci said, "Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication."
Instead of overcomplicating your transition, use the hard cut:
- In the midst of fast-paced action and/or music
- When there's a camera change within a scene
- To create impact
- To re-time clips to an audio beat
- To alternate between two characters' viewpoints
Ever hear the term fade to black? This is the most common use of a dissolve transition — when a final scene gradually moves to a blank (black) image.
The dissolve transition is a gradual, lingering move from any one image to another, during which two shots overlap for the duration of the effect.
WHEN TO USE DISSOLVE IN MOTION DESIGN
While dissolve is most often chosen to transition from the end of one scene to the beginning of another, or between images in a montage, there are also other valuable uses, including indicating:
- The passage of time
- The changing of location
- Flashbacks or retrospections
3. Cut on Action
Need to show a different angle but can't easily move from one spot to another without disrupting the scene? This is the ideal time to use the cut on action transition, whereby you cut from one shot to another view while matching the first shot's action.
A common example is a character entering a room or home. As their hand touches the door knob from the outside, the scene cuts to a shot of the same moment, from the other perspective, with the door opening from the inside.
By using this technique, you're creating a visual bridge, tying together two points of view while leaving the audience to complete the story.
WHEN TO USE CUT ON ACTION IN MOTION DESIGN
This transition can also be valuable in a variety of other common scenarios, such as:
- A punch in a fight scene
- Throwing or launching something
- Hiding and revealing information
4. Match Cut
Similar to a cut on action, used to illustrate an action shot from two different angles, a match cut is used to match a compositional element in one scene with that of the next.
In Six Essential Motion Design Transitions, our tutorial creator Jacob illustrates this transition technique with the shapes in the School of Motion logo, pushing into them as they come into view and cutting to the next clip at their fastest movement.
What sells the shot? The elements are similar from one shot to the next, with the logo acting as an anchor for the viewer.
When utilized correctly, the match cuts reduces what can be a jarring effect associated with the hard cut.
WHEN TO USE MATCH CUT IN MOTION DESIGN
As demonstrated in our transitions tutorial, the match cut works best when displaying:
- An object passing through time
- The relationship between two different objects
SEAMLESS STORYTELLING WITH MATCH CUTS
For a more in depth discussion of match cuts, watch Jacob's match cut tutorial Master Motion Design: Using Match Cuts in Animation:
5. Dynamic, or Infinite, Zoom
As the name suggests, a dynamic zoom transition seamlessly shoots an image toward or away from the audience. You control the speed, and what you're zooming in on or out of.
One way to explore this transition would be to find elements that are sub-framed in your design board.
For example, in an animation of a room with a window overlooking the city, you could zoom from a view of the room, into and through the window, out onto the city beyond it. In this example, the video player itself has its own framing, of the room, and then within that frame the window creates a sub-frame, of the city.
In our tutorial, Jacob follows the mouse cursor into the computer screen, revealing the next shot, suggesting that next shot is inside the computer.
In the Endless Perfection video below, design studio Pysop demonstrates on behalf of Toshiba that the tech brand's Encore tablet "allows users to move seamlessly between working, playing and sharing on a single device" by taking "consumers on an immersive and infinite journey through the four worlds that Encore opens up... Within each world, consumers are invited to 'look closer.'"
This entire video uses the zoom transition to send the audience "infinitely" deeper and deeper into the product.
The morph transition — or morphing between shapes, objects, or icons — is notably popular in contemporary motion graphics, and "particularly prevalent in logo animations."
Google does it masterfully:
Among the transitions illustrated in our tutorial, morphing can certainly be the most awe-inspiring, but it's also the most complicated.
For a detailed, step-by-step morphing tutorial, use Super Shape Morphing in After Effects.
You can also experiment with After Effects templates pre-set with morphing animations.
Mastering Transitions and More
Tired of experimenting with animations and transitions on your own, and ready to skyrocket your MoGraph career?
Sign up for Animation Bootcamp, our hardcore animation training for motion designers.
"This course was definitely the best money I’ve ever spent in my life. After this course I feel like my knowledge and confidence of Animation and After Effects has increased 1000%. Every single day I was excited to see what new lesson was to come, and what little nuggets of information it would provide." - Jeff Salvado, Motion Designer
"The course isn’t just a ”course.” It’s an inspirational path where you learn to animate, to sharpen your eye, to lead your creativity, to think about how to improve your work in every process throughout a production, to network with your peers and to absorb a lot of technical stuff about how to get the best results out of your tools." - Van Velvet, Motion Designer